Ghana, is a west African country, bounded on the north by Burkina Faso, on the east by Togo, on the south by the Atlantic Ocean, and on the west by Côte d’Ivoire.
Formerly a British colony known as the Gold Coast, Ghana was led to independence on the 6th of March, 1957 by Osagyefo Dr. Kwame Nkrumah, and the rest of the Big six namely: Ebenezer Ako-Adjei, Edward Akuffo-Addo, Joseph Boakye Danquah, Emmanuel Obetsebi-Lamptey, William Ofori Atta among others who are remembered as the Founding Fathers of modern day Ghana. This made Ghana the first black nation in Africa, and the first country in sub-saharan Africa to achieve independence from colonial rule. This feat inspired many other liberation movements across the continent.
The name Ghana was inspired by the ancient empire of Ghana, from which the ancestors of the inhabitants of the present country are thought to have migrated. The word Ghana is believed to mean Warrior King.
The flag of Ghana consists of red, gold and green horizontal stripes with a five-pointed black star in the centre of the gold stripe.
The colour red represents the blood of those who died in the country’s struggle for independence: gold stands for the mineral wealth, while green symbolizes the rich forest. The star represents the lodestar of African freedom.
Map of Ghana
Facts & Figures about Ghana
Population: 29 million
GDP Per Capita:
Area: 238,540 square kilometres (95,416 square miles)
Borders: Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast, Togo, Atlantic Ocean
Official Language: English
Major Exports: Cocoa, Gold, Forest products, Oil.